By Mark Felsenthal
US SECRETARY of State John Kerry named former US ambassador to Israel Martin Indyk as his main envoy in Israeli-Palestinian talks which were due to start in Washington later on Monday and said he was seeking “reasonable compromises” in the tough negotiations.
“Going forward it is no secret this is a difficult process. If it were easy, it would have happened a long time ago,” Kerry told reporters. “It is no secret, therefore, that many difficult choices lie ahead for the negotiators and for the leaders as we seek reasonable compromises on tough, complicated, emotional and symbolic issues.”
Israeli and Palestinian officials have put forward clashing formats for the peace talks which have been stalled for nearly three years.
After intense mediation, Kerry planned to bring the negotiators together in the evening and on Tuesday to renew talks that broke down in 2010 over Israel’s settlement of occupied land where Palestinians seek a state.
Indyk’s job will be to oversee the negotiations.
Indyk is a veteran of US efforts to resolve the Israeli- Palestinian conflict. He was a senior official in the Clinton administration, which oversaw a failed summit in 2000 after which violence erupted in Israel and Palestinian territories.
Previous attempts to resolve the decades-old conflict had sought to ward off deadlock and the risk of knock-on violence by tackling easier disputes first and deferring the most emotional ones like the fate of Jerusalem and Palestinian refugees.
President Barack Obama welcomed the talks but cautioned that a tough path lies ahead.
“This is a promising step forward, though hard work and hard choices remain ahead,” Obama said in a statement. “I am hopeful that both the Israelis and Palestinians will approach these talks in good faith and with sustained focus and determination,” he said. “The United States stands ready to support them throughout these negotiations, with the goal of achieving two states, living side by side in peace and security.”
The Palestinians, with international backing, want their future state to have borders approximating the boundaries of the West Bank, adjacent East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip before Israel captured them in the 1967 Middle East war.
Yasser Abed Rabbo, a senior official in Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ umbrella Palestine Liberation Organisation, said the US letter of invitation to the Washington talks had not specified which disputes were to be discussed.
But Abed Rabbo told Voice of Palestine radio the talks “will begin, in principle, on the issues of borders and security”.
Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had resisted Abbas’ calls to accept the 1967 border formula before talks resumed.
This time “all of the issues that are at the core of a permanent accord will be negotiated simultaneously”, Silvan Shalom, a member of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netayahu’s cabinet and rightist Likud party, told Israel’s Army Radio.
Shalom said that the Israeli position would help keep the talks, which are slated to last nine months, comprehensive.
“Had the matter of borders and territory been given over, what incentive would they (Palestinians) have had to make concessions on the matter of refugees or Jerusalem?” Shalom said.
Israel deems all of Jerusalem its capital and wants to keep West Bank settlement blocs under any peace accord. The international community considers the settlements illegal and rejects Jerusalem’s status.
Israel quit Gaza in 2005 and that enclave is now ruled by Hamas Islamists hostile to the Jewish state and opposed to Abbas’s peace strategy.
Palestinian refugees from the 1948 war at Israel’s founding, along with millions of their descendants, claim the right to return to their original homes in what is now Israel. The Israelis rule that out as demographic suicide, saying the refugees should resettle in a future Palestine or elsewhere.
Netanyahu says any peace accord must safeguard Israel, which has often clashed with Hamas in Gaza and fears the Islamist movement could gain ground in the West Bank. Kerry has also described Israel’s security as “paramount”.
Abed Rabbo said Israel and the United States, its main ally, had been conferring about security without including the Palestinians.
“This is a big shortcoming in the Israeli and the American behaviour because they are not discussing their bilateral security, they are discussing a central and a fundamental issue of ours and it concerns our future as a whole,” he said.
After months of intensive and discreet mediation, Kerry announced on July 19 in Amman, Jordan, that the parties had laid the groundwork to resume negotiations on the so-called “final status” issues that must be resolved to end the dispute.
“The meetings in Washington will mark the beginning of these talks,” Kerry spokeswoman Jen Psaki said.
In what it dubbed a goodwill gesture required to restart diplomacy, the Israeli cabinet on Sunday approved the release of 104 long-serving Palestinian security prisoners in stages. Thousands more Palestinians remain in Israeli jails