Cyprus Mail

New data from Troodos excavations

File photo

New data regarding the architectural remains of the epipalaeolithic mountainous site of Vretsia/Ayios Ioannis-Rhoudias in the Troodos mountains in the Paphos district.
A large quantity of animal bone was also collected, including wild boar teeth, that will contribute towards research into the site’s archaeozoology, something that was until now not possible, the antiquities department said.
According to an announcement, the importance of the site with regards to the island’s early prehistory had already been established in international bibliography. The 2014 excavations were conducted by the Department of History and Archaeology of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, under the direction of Professor Nikolaos Efstratiou.
The aim during the 2014 season was to investigate the extent of the epipalaeolithic site, mainly through revealing the modes of construction as well as the function of the large “stone feature” that is gradually being uncovered and which extends over a large area.
In total, six trenches were opened to the north and the east of the “stone feature”. More specifically, many stones were found placed next to each other giving the impression of a paved surface, and large slabs were found positioned horizontally and vertically, forming a kind of man-made feature at a higher level than that of the “stone feature”.
Another interesting development, the department said, was the identification of a second layer packed with stones that appeared beneath the “stone feature” in one of the trenches. This indicated that there were at least three phases of construction and use of these stone surfaces and features. Their limits however are still under investigation. On the surface of this “stone feature’ but also packed within it, numerous stone tools were excavated; rounded stones and stones cracked as a result of high temperatures, flint cores as well as fragmentary animal bones.
“The 2014 excavation season has provided us with new data,” the department said.
“Even though the exact function of the revealed stone feature remains uncertain, it has now been confirmed that, this feature covers a much larger area, the limits of which are still under investigation.”
In addition, it has been confirmed that the feature comprises of at least three construction phases of a different chronology. It is anticipated that, with the removal of the stones, other underlying structures will be revealed. (CNA)

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