The gender pay gap in Cyprus in 2013 stood at 15.8 per cent, the EU statistical service said on Thursday.
The gender pay gap in the EU was 16.4 per cent, Eurostat said. It ranged between 5 per cent in Slovenia to more than 20 per cent in Estonia, Austria, the Czech Republic and Germany.
The gender pay gap represents the difference between average gross hourly earnings of male and female employees as a percentage of average gross hourly earnings of male paid employees.
Differences between females and males in the labour market do not only concern wage discrepancies but also of occupations held.
Though representing 46 per cent of employed persons, women were under-represented amongst managers, with only a third being female in 2013 in the EU.
On the contrary, women were over-represented among clerical support workers as well as among service and sales staff, accounting for around two-thirds of employed persons in these occupations.
In 2013 in the EU Member States, the gender pay gap was less than 10 per cent in Slovenia (3.2), Malta (5.1), Poland (6.4), Italy (7.3), Croatia (7.4), Luxembourg (8.6), Romania (9.1) and Belgium (9.8).
At the opposite end of the scale, the gap was over 20 per cent in Estonia (29.9), Austria (23.0), the Czech Republic (22.1) and Germany (21.6).
Compared with 2008, the gender pay gap dropped in 2013 in a majority of EU Member States.
The most noticeable decreases between 2008 and 2013 were recorded in Lithuania (from 21.6 per cent in 2008 to 13.3 per cent in 2013, or -8.3 percentage points), Poland (-5.0 pp), the Czech Republic and Malta (both -4.1 pp) and Cyprus (-3.7 pp).
In contrast, the gender pay gap rose between 2008 and 2013 in nine Member States, with the most significant increases being observed in Portugal (from 9.2 per cent in 2008 to 13.0 per cent in 2013, or + 3.8 percentage points), Spain (+3.2 pp), Latvia (+2.6 pp), Italy (+2.4 pp) and Estonia (+2.3 pp).
At EU level, the gender pay gap has decreased slightly, from 17.3 per cent in 2008 to 16.4 per cent in 2013.