By Lefteris Papadimas and George Georgiopoulos
Greece and international creditors sought to put final touches to a multi-billion euro bailout accord on Monday to keep the country financially afloat and meet an important debt repayment to the European Central Bank within days.
Germany set out “strict” conditions for further aid and said it would be sensible to link the size of the first tranche to Greece’s progress in carrying out reforms, a reflection of worry around the euro zone that Athens might not do as promised.
Greece is hoping to wrap up the deal for 86 billion euros ($94 billion) in fresh loans by Tuesday so it can get parliamentary and other approvals for aid to flow by Aug. 20, when a debt repayment to the ECB is due.
“A deal is feasible. A deal can be reached in the month of August, preferably before Aug. 20,” European Commission spokeswoman Annika Breidthardt said.
An agreement would mark the end of a painful chapter on bailout talks for Greece, which fought against austerity terms demanded by creditors for much of the year before accepting a deal under the threat of being bounced out of the euro zone.
After marathon negotiation sessions on Sunday and Monday, Greek ministers and representatives of European institutions and the International Monetary Fund paused their talks while Greek officials briefed Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras.
A senior Greek government official said dealing with a mountain of non-performing loans in the banking sector remained a sticking point. Athens wants to set up a “bad bank” to handle this, while creditors want non-performing loans bundled and sold to distressed asset funds.
Officials said the two sides had also yet to agree on setting up a sovereign wealth fund in Greece designed to raise 50 billion euros from privatisations, three-quarters of which would be used to recapitalise banks and to decrease debt.
The size of the bailout is also an issue. Germany’s Handelsblatt newspaper reported that the IMF believes Greece needs a bigger bailout worth 90 billion euros.
Greek banks could get an initial capital injection soon after a bailout deal is clinched, as much as 10 billion euros, even before the ECB completes a stress test, a euro zone official familiar with the issue said on Monday.
The official, who asked not to be named, said a test may not be finished before October but that it was recognised that Greek banks need urgent capital to normalise their operations.
In a symbolic move aimed at appeasing an austerity-weary public, Tsipras called on Monday for the immediate tabling of a bill to scrap tax breaks for lawmakers and to “rationalise” the wages of ministers and heads of state organisations.
He said the plan was not done at the behest of lenders, “but by the obligation of the political system to not exclude itself from the measures it is taking.”
“When abolishing tax breaks for farmers is on the negotiating table, we cannot be indifferent to the tax exemptions which apply to ourselves,” Tsipras was quoted by a Greek official as telling his ministers.
GERMANY’S “STRICT” TERMS
Germany on Monday stressed its wish for “quality before speed” in the negotiations, threatening to slow down the process as it pressed for strict conditions to be linked to aid.
Popular misgivings run deep in Germany, the euro zone country that has already contributed most to Greece’s two bailouts since 2010, about funnelling yet more money to Athens.
Germany wants a deal that includes an ambitious budget plan, a credible privatisation strategy and a sustainable pension reform by Greece, Finance Ministry spokesman Juerg Weissgerber told a regular news conference in Berlin.
“It is sensible – that is our belief – to fix the size of the first payment tranche to the extent of the reforms implemented,” he said. “That means strict conditionality for financial help.”
Weissgerber said Germany was not involved in the negotiations and would need time after any deal to review the results. “We are ready to do this examination quickly this week if necessary, but quality comes before speed,” he said.
Greek officials have said they expect the bailout accord to be approved by Greece’s parliament on Wednesday or Thursday and then be vetted by the Eurogroup — finance ministers of the euro zone — on Aug. 14, paving the way for aid disbursements.
The bailout pact will be voted on in parliament as one bill with two articles — one on the loan agreement and memorandum of understanding and the second on the so-called prior actions that must be completed for aid to be released, another Greek official said. The negotiations began on July 20.
Greek media reported that some of the prior actions included scrapping tax breaks for farmers who now receive subsidised fuel, tighter regulations on individuals owing back taxes to the state, and a gradual increase in a “prepaid” income tax mechanism that asks taxpayers ranging from the self-employed to small businesses to cough up lump tax sums on forecast income.
The two sides have agreed to set a budget surplus target before interest payments of 0 percent this year, and expect the economy to shrink between 2.1 and 2.3 percent, a Greek official told Reuters.
Handelsblatt said IMF officials believed an EU target for Greece to run a budget surplus before interest of 3.5 percent of national output by 2018 was unrealistic.
Greece’s economy returned to recession this year, hammered in part by the imposition of capital controls and a three-week shutdown of banks in June-July as the bailout talks dragged out without resolution. Industrial output data for June pointed to a 4.5 percent decline from a year earlier, underlining the economic hit from prolonged political turmoil.