By Dan Williams
Military commanders and the Netanyahu government sparred over the right strategy to end two months of stabbings and shootings on Thursday as Israeli troops killed two Palestinians involved in violence in the occupied West Bank.
The attacks, many of them carried out spontaneously by young Palestinians, have killed 19 Israelis and an American since Oct. 1. Israeli forces have killed 90 Palestinians, some while carrying out assaults and others in clashes with police and troops. Many of those killed have been teenagers.
While the bloodshed has in part been stoked by Muslim anger over Jewish visits to the Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem – a site holy to both Muslims and Jews, who refer to it as Temple Mount – Israeli security services have echoed Palestinian officials in identifying failed peace talks as another cause.
That is at odds with the Israeli government’s view that the main driver is incitement by the Palestinian leadership and weak security enforcement by President Mahmoud Abbas.
On Thursday, Israeli soldiers raided the village of Katane, near the Palestinian city of Ramallah, in what the army said was a search for militants and weapons. It said locals threw petrol bombs and rocks at the soldiers, who opened fire at one of them after riot-dispersal measures failed.
Palestinian officials said a 21-year-old man was killed.
Separately, Israeli paramilitary police shot dead a Palestinian who they said had charged at them with a knife at a checkpoint near the West Bank city of Nablus. The Palestinian health ministry said the dead man was 51.
“Disappointment, despair and loss of hope in the future led our youth to reactions like those we are witnessing,” Abbas told reporters, accusing Israel of undermining the Palestinian Authority and calling for more international involvement.
“The current Israeli government has failed every chance to make peace, and destroyed the foundations of the political, security and economic agreements, which makes us unable to implement, alone, signed bilateral agreements,” he said.
Israeli military officers, as well as foreign observers, have credited Palestinian security forces with containing some of the violence with pre-emptive arrests of potential attackers.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, whose bid to broker a deal on Palestinian statehood alongside Israel stalled in early 2014, visited on Tuesday for talks with Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on how to stem the violence.
Kerry left empty-handed. On Wednesday, Israeli media quoted an unnamed senior military officer as recommending that the Netanyahu government head off what he described as a “limited uprising” by admitting more Palestinian labourers, freeing low-risk Palestinian prisoners and better arming Abbas’s forces.
On Thursday, the commander of Israel’s premier paratrooper brigade, Colonel Nimrod Aloni, said tackling Palestinian violence was a matter of “a great degree of confusion”.
“Is there a chance of winning? I think this is really, really not a military question, that it is very, very much linked to government decisions,” he told Israel’s Army Radio. “At this stage we are playing defence, almost at our goal-line, and trying to prevent the next terrorist attack from happening.”
But a senior Israeli government official said there was no internal division over how to tackle Palestinian violence.
Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz said that, in addition to killing or capturing Palestinian attackers, Israeli forces were taking deterrent steps such as demolishing the homes of militants and closing a West Bank radio station for incitement. He said Abbas’s official television station should be shut down.
“We are already taking vigorous action, which I have no doubt will deliver results,” Steinitz, a member of Netanyahu’s security cabinet, told Israel Radio. “This may require weeks more. It could also be that it will require months more. But the terror will not defeat us, we will defeat the terror.”