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World reacts to North Korea’s first H-bomb test

Photo archive: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (C) guides the multiple-rocket launching drill of women's sub-units

U.S.
The U.S. State Department said it condemned any violation of U.N. resolutions after North Korea said on Wednesday it had successfully conducted a test of a miniaturised hydrogen nuclear device.
North Korea, under U.N. sanctions for its nuclear and missile programmes, previously conducted three nuclear tests – in 2006, 2009 and 2013.
The State Department urged North Korea to abide by its obligations and commitments.

EUROPEAN UNION
North Korea’s reported test of a hydrogen bomb would be a “grave violation” of the country’s international obligation not to produce a nuclear weapon, the EU’s foreign policy chief said on Wednesday.
“If confirmed, this action would represent a grave violation of (North Korea’s) international obligations not to produce or test nuclear weapons, as determined by several United Nations Security Council Resolutions,” Federica Mogherini said in a statement. She said it would also be “a threat to the peace and security of the entire Northeast Asia region.”

NATO
North Korea must end its nuclear weapons programme, NATO’s chief said on Wednesday, adding the U.S.-led alliance’s voice to international condemnation of Pyongyang’s reported test of a hydrogen bomb.
“North Korea should abandon nuclear weapons and existing nuclear and ballistic missile programmes in a complete, verifiable and irreversible manner and engage in credible and authentic talks on denuclearisation,” NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said in a statement.

RUSSIA
Moscow is “extremely worried” by reports of North Korea conducting its first test of a hydrogen bomb, Russian news agencies quoted Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov as saying on Wednesday.
“President Vladimir Putin has ordered to study thoroughly the readings of all monitoring stations, including seismological ones, and analyse the situation in case the reports about the (H-bomb) test are confirmed,” Peskov said.

GERMANY
Germany said it would summon North Korea’s ambassador on Wednesday after Pyongyang said it successfully tested a miniaturised hydrogen nuclear device
“Now it is planned for the North Korean ambassador, for this reason, to be summoned to the Foreign Ministry,” ministry spokesman Martin Schaefer told a government news conference, adding the step was “a strong signal, even a protest”.

BRITAIN
British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said on Wednesday a test of a hydrogen nuclear bomb by North Korea would be a “provocation which I condemn without reservation” and a “grave breach” of U.N. Security Council resolutions.
Hammond tweeted the statement during his two-day trip to Beijing: “If North Korean H-bomb test reports are true, it is a grave breach of #UNSC resolutions and a provocation which I condemn without reservation.”

FRANCE
France on Wednesday condemned North Korea’s reported test of a hydrogen bomb, calling for a “strong reaction from the international community”, President Francois Hollande’s office said in a statement.
The statement called the reported test “an unacceptable violation of (U.N.) Security Council resolutions”.

CHINA
China urged North Korea on Wednesday to honour its commitment to denuclearisation and called on Pyongyang to stop taking any action that could cause a deterioration of the situation on the Korean peninsula.
China’s Foreign Ministry made the comments on a statement on its website.

JAPAN
Japan strongly protests North Korea’s latest nuclear test and will be in close contact with the governments of the United States, South Korea, China and Russia over the issue, its top government spokesman said on Monday.
“This is something we can not accept, we strongly protest this,” chief cabinet secretary Yoshihide Suga told a news conference.

SOUTH KOREA
South Korean President Park Geun-hye said the country will take decisive measures against any additional provocations by North Korea and work with the international community to make sure the isolated country pays the price for its latest nuclear test.
In remarks published by the South Korean presidential office, Park said the latest test could change the fundamental nature of the situation over North Korea’s nuclear programme.
Separately, South Korea’s Yonhap News agency reported that Seoul’s intelligence agency believed the strength of the explosion from North Korea’s latest nuclear test was equivalent to 6.0 kilotonnes.

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