Armenian Prime Minister Hovik Abrahamyan tendered his resignation at a government meeting on Thursday, saying the country needed fresh policies, after an economic slowdown this year and outbreaks of violence.
His announcement paves the way for the cabinet to resign and the president to appoint a new prime minister following consultations with parliament.
“We need a new approach, new start. That’s why I’ve decided to resign and let the president form a new government,” Abrahamyan said.
A former parliamentary speaker and an economist by training, Abrahamyan was appointed prime minister two years ago. In 2015 Armenia’s economy started to deteriorate – economic growth slowed to 3 per cent in 2015 from 3.5 per cent in 2014 and below the government’s growth forecast of 4.1 per cent. The government expects 2.2 per cent economic growth in 2016.
Armenia, a country of 3.2 million people, depends heavily on aid and investment from former Soviet overlord Russia, whose economic downturn has hit Armenian exports and much-needed remittances from Armenians working there.
The government has also faced political challenges, including a flare-up of violence in Azerbaijan’s breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region in April between Armenian-backed separatists and Azeri forces.
Two months later a group of 30 armed men seized the police station and took hostages in the Armenian capital Yerevan. Two police officers were killed during a two-week stand-off, before gunmen surrendered to the authorities.
The incident led to mass protests in the capital, when people took to the streets to secure the release of a jailed opposition politician and demand the resignation of the government and the president.
Shortly after that Armenian President Serzh Sarksyan said radical reforms in political and social life were needed. He said it was necessary to form “a government of national accord” to provide a broader distribution and division of political responsibility.
Local media reported that Abrahamyan might be replaced by 53-year-old technocrat Karen Karapetyan, the former head of national gas distributing company ArmRosGazprom and later Yerevan mayor.
After leaving the post of mayor, he moved to Moscow, to be appointed as the first vice-president of Gazprombank. He is currently deputy CEO of Russian gas producer Gazprom’s Mezhregiongaz unit.
Experts say the new government is likely to be temporary and the final configuration will emerge only after 2017 parliamentary election and the end of Sarksyan’s second term in 2018, when the full transition from the semi-presidential form of government to a parliamentary republic will be completed.