Nearly all of the money spent so far from the European Union’s €315bn investment plan has gone to the 15 richest countries in the bloc, leaving the other 13 poorer ones out in the cold, a report by the European Investment Bank has found.
Italy and Spain benefited have benefitted the most in financing for projects in infrastructure and innovation, along with Britain, which voted to leave the bloc in June.
The report, a copy of which has been seen by Reuters, also found, however, that spending is on track for completion by its mid-2018 target date.
The investment plan, launched in the middle of last year, seeks to attract private funds to finance investments, the more risky parts of which are covered by the European Fund for Strategic Investment (EFSI) using €21bn of public money.
By the end of June, one year into the three-year scheme, the programme generated €104.75bn of investment, or one third of the planned outcome, the EIB said in an evaluation report on the scheme, which it co-finances.
“If past trends continue and if the EFSI strategy in terms of new products and new forms of cooperation materialise as planned, it can be expected that EFSI’s target for total investment will be reached in terms of approvals, with signatures and disbursements following later,” the EIB said.
The report said, however, it was worrying that most of the EFSI investment went to projects in the 15 richest European countries rather then the poorer 13.
“It is concerning that EFSI’s aggregated portfolio is highly concentrated (92 per cent) in the EU15, and under-serves (8 per cent) the EU13,” the EIB report said.
“This is particularly problematic as most of the less developed regions in Europe are found in the EU13’s Central and Eastern European countries,” the report said.
The EFSI’s infrastructure and innovation portfolio has the most of the fund’s money assigned to it and is supposed to generate €240bn out of the total €315 investment. The remaining €75 billion to reach the total is to be generated through financing small and medium sized enterprises.
Germany, France and Italy got the most in support for SMEs, accounting for 54 per cent of all such financing by EFSI.
So far, EFSI money has been used to generate investment mainly in the European energy sector, which absorbed 46 per cent of all EFSI financing in the fund’s infrastructure and innovation portfolio.
“EFSI’s eligible sectors … may need to be expanded in order to improve the EIB Group’s outreach to EU13 countries,” the report said.