The British government said on Tuesday it would not be entering into negotiations on the Scottish government’s proposal to hold a new independence referendum in late 2018 or early 2019.
It was reacting to a vote in the Scottish parliament earlier backing First Minister Nicola Sturgeon’s bid for an independence vote.
“It would be unfair to the people of Scotland to ask them to make a crucial decision without the necessary information about our future relationship with Europe, or what an independent Scotland would look like,” it added.
The UK’s vote last year to exit the EU has strained ties between its four constituent parts because England and Wales voted to leave while Scotland and Northern Ireland voted to remain.
The Edinburgh legislature’s vote backing Sturgeon’s bid for a new referendum came a day before British Prime Minister Theresa May triggers Article 50 of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty, the first formal step towards Brexit.
It is far from certain that the British government will authorise a new independence vote. May has said “now is not the time” and insisted her focus was on getting a good Brexit deal that would work for every part of the UK.
“Scotland, like the rest of the UK, stands at a crossroads,” Sturgeon told the Edinburgh assembly at the start of Tuesday’s debate.
“When Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty is triggered tomorrow, change for our country becomes inevitable… There will be an impact on trade, on investment and on living standards, and an impact on the very nature of the society we live in.”
Scotland voted against independence by 55 to 45 per cent in 2014 but Sturgeon argues circumstances have changed due to the Brexit vote and that Scots should not be dragged out of the EU against their will.
She has proposed a new independence referendum between autumn 2018 and spring 2019, once the terms of Brexit have become clearer but before it has taken effect.
“When the nature of the change that is made inevitable by Brexit becomes clear, that change should not be imposed upon us,” she said in parliament on Tuesday.
“The people of Scotland should have the right to choose between Brexit, possibly a very hard Brexit, or becoming an independent country able to chart our own course.”
Sturgeon’s motion passed by 69 votes to 59.