In 2016, the unadjusted gender pay gap stood at just over 16 per cent in the European Union (EU) but it was 13.9 per cent in Cyprus, and steadily decreasing.
In other words, women earned on average 84 cents for every euro a man makes per hour, according to Eurostat.
The statistical office of the European Union on Wednesday published the 2016 data, the most recent data available to mark International Women’s Day, March 8.
According to Eurostat, across Member States, the gender pay gap in 2016 ranged from just over 5 per cent in Romania and Italy, to more than 25 per cent in Estonia, followed by the Czech Republic and Germany (both almost 22 per cent).
In Cyprus the gender pay gap dropped from 16.1 per cent in 2011 to 14.0 per cent in 2015 and to 13.9 per cent in 2016.
Meanwhile, the gender pay gap in the EU Member States, in 2016, was less than 10 per cent in Romania (5.2 per cent), Italy (5.3 per cent), Luxembourg (5.5 per cent), Belgium (6.1 per cent), Poland (7.2 per cent), Slovenia (7.8 per cent) and Croatia (8.7 per cent, data for 2014).
On the other end of the scale, it was over 20 per cent in Estonia (25.3 per cent), the Czech Republic (21.8 per cent), Germany (21.5 per cent), the United Kingdom (21.0 per cent) and Austria (20.1 per cent).
Compared with 2011, the gender pay gap has dropped in most of the EU Member States but increased in Portugal and Slovenia.
At EU level, it has decreased slightly from 16.8 per cent in 2011 to 16.2 per cent in 2016.