Around 3.9 per cent of Cypriots of working age lived in another EU member state in 2017, -3.2 per cent less than 2012 (6.7%) according to Eurostat.
Similarily 3.8% of European Union (EU) citizens of working age (20-64) were residing in another EU member state than that of their citizenship in 2017. This share has increased from 2.5% ten years ago. The situation varies among member states, ranging from 1.0 per cent in Germany to 19.7 per cent for citizens of Romania.
Tertiary graduates are generally more mobile than the rest of the population with 32.4 per cent moving to another EU country, while the share for the entire EU population is 30.1 per cent. The employment rate of mobile EU citizens is also higher than that of the entire population: 76.1 per cent, compared with the total EU employment rate of 72.1 per cent.
In 2017, Romanian nationals of working age residing in other EU contries accounted for about a fifth (19.7%) of their co-nationals residing in Romania. The next largest shares were recorded by Lithuania (15.0%), Croatia (14.0%), Portugal (13.9%), Latvia (12.9%) and Bulgaria (12.5%).
The EU member states with the smallest share of mobile nationals (out of the total-country population) are Germany (1.0%), the United Kingdom (1.1%), Sweden and France (both 1.3%).
Compared with 2007, the share of Romanian nationals living in another member state has increased by 12.3 pp. Latvia (10.0 pp.), Lithuania (9.5 pp.) and Bulgaria (8.0 pp.) also registered a significant increase. At the opposite end of the scale, the share of Cypriot nationals residing abroad decreased from 7.1 per cent in 2007 to 3.9 per cent in 2017.
For most member states, the employment rates of mobile EU citizens are higher than those of their co-nationals who live in their country of citizenship and higher than the EU average employment rate (72.1%). The largest differences are in the cases of Greeks. More than 77.3 per cent of Greeks are employed abroad compared to just 57.8 per cent Greece; a difference of 19.5 per cent.
On EU level, the employment rate for working age citizens living outside their member state exceeds the resident population employment rate by 4 percentage points.