German Chancellor Angela Merkel has said she will not seek re-election as leader of the centre-right Christian Democrats (CDU) at a congress in December. Merkel, 64, also ruled out running for a fifth term as chancellor in 2021.
Several CDU politicians have announced bids to succeed Merkel as party leader. Here are some facts about the candidates who could step into Merkel’s shoes:
Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, 56, probably has the best chance of becoming the next CDU leader after Merkel herself decided in February to name her as party secretary general – a move seen as a succession plan.
Dubbed a “mini-Merkel” by German media due to their sober political styles, Kramp-Karrenbauer was premier of the tiny state of Saarland on the French border from 2011 to 2018.
Her Catholic, western German background contrasts with Merkel’s Protestant, eastern roots. While socially conservative and known for opposing gay marriage, Kramp-Karrenbauer is also a strong supporter of the minimum wage and workers’ rights.
In an attempt to distance herself from Merkel and her leadership style, Kramp-Karrenbauer has said the CDU will need to regain some passion if it wants to attract younger voters.
Sometimes known as AKK, she is the daughter of a teacher for mentally handicapped children, and is married to a mining engineer, with whom she has three children.
Jens Spahn, 38, has become one of Merkel’s most outspoken critics within the CDU since her decision in 2015 to welcome more than a million refugees, mostly Muslims from the Middle East.
He positions himself as a politician from Germany’s rural northwest who is sceptical of urban liberals and the globalist elite.
In an attempt to rein Spahn in, Merkel this year named him health minister – a thorny portfolio that brings a lot of work and few headlines.
A member of the lower house of parliament since 2002, Spahn has been praised as a rising star for years by senior conservatives such as Wolfgang Schaeuble.
However, his anti-immigration rhetoric at the height of the refugee crisis cost him sympathy among Merkel allies.
His public friendship with Richard Grenell, US President Donald Trump’s ambassador to Berlin, has also alienated some conservatives who dislike Trump’s policy style.
Like Kramp-Karrenbauer, Spahn is a Catholic but, despite the church’s opposition to gay partnerships, he is married to Daniel Funke, a senior journalist at the glossy magazine Bunte.
Friedrich Merz, 62, was the first to throw his hat into the ring on Monday after news leaked that Merkel would not run again as CDU leader, according to party sources. He confirmed his plans officially on Tuesday.
Merz, a member of the CDU’s conservative wing, has coined the idea of a German ‘Leitkultur’, or ‘lead culture’, with which he called on Muslim immigrants to assimilate and to adopt German values and traditions.
He also is known for his proposal to simplify the annual tax return so that it could be written on a beer mat.
Merz is among the many conservative men who have seen their political fortunes dwindle under Merkel.
In 2002, Merkel pushed him out of his position as CDU parliamentary leader to cement her grip on the party, on her way to becoming chancellor in 2005.
A trained lawyer and former member of the European Parliament, Merz served in the German parliament from 1994 to 2009, and now holds numerous non-executive company board positions, including chairman of the German arm of the US hedge fund BlackRock.
He is married to Charlotte Merz, a judge, with whom he has three children.