By Gregoris Savva
Cyprus needs to implement reforms, boost competitiveness and maintain fiscal surpluses, President of the Fiscal Council Demetris Georgiades said on Thursday.
External risks such as trade wars and a change to favourable monetary policy could adversely affect the Cypriot economy, he said.
“Cyprus is a small, open but indebted economy and a sharp deceleration of the world economy or a change of the European Central Bank’s monetary policy which would lead to significant increase in financing costs for households and companies and in the longer term of the sovereign, would have huge consequences,” Georgiades told a news conference for the presentation of the council’s spring report.
“The response to these risks is reform, reform, reform.”
He highlighted the need to create a rational mechanism that would limit the public wage bill increase to nominal GDP growth, further strengthening of the NPL framework especially as a large part of the NPLs have been assumed by the state following the sale of the Co-op Bank as well the setting up of a binding mechanism that would channel the state’s cash reserves to public debt reduction.
“We are seeing a trend in increased claims and concessions, fiscal surpluses should be safeguarded. It would be appropriate to create a mechanism that would earmark these surpluses for public debt servicing,” Georgiades added, noting such mechanism would lower debt servicing costs.
He also highlighted the need to boost the economy’s competitiveness, an issue raised by many international organisations and surveys.
“The economy may be going well, we may have good results from tourism, real estate and other measures taken in the public and private sectors, but we are not in a position to swiftly respond to a new crisis,” he said.
Responding to question, Georgideas said the citizenship investment scheme, which involves property buying, should change but he did not imply that it should be terminated.
“A termination of the programme would create problems but it is left to grow and continues it would create problems to other sectors when a crisis hit the construction sector,” he added, noting the scheme could not go on forever as Cyprus cannot absorb more high rises. The programme has also caused reaction from the EU and other countries, he said.
Georgiades also highlighted that the scheme had caused increases in plot prices, increase in construction costs and rent in the areas involved and especially Limassol. “We point out the risks and is up to the politicians to weigh these issues and take the decisions,” he said.