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Jailed Catalan separatist leader says new referendum inevitable

A protester holds a poster with the slogan "Catalunya is not Spain" during a demonstration

The jailing of Catalan separatists for their role in a failed secession bid will only galvanise the region’s independence movement and another referendum is inevitable, the leader hit by the heaviest jail sentence told Reuters.

Former regional government deputy leader Oriol Junqueras and eight others were convicted of sedition on Monday by the Supreme Court and sentenced to terms ranging from 9-13 years.

The ruling triggered protests across the wealthy northeastern region whose independence drive plunged Spain into full-blown political crisis in October 2017, when the leaders organised a referendum that courts had ruled illegal and made a short-lived declaration of independence.

“This sentence will not weaken the independence movement, quite the contrary,” Junqueras told Reuters in his first interview after the sentence. “We’re not going to stop thinking what we think, ideals can’t be derailed by (jail) sentences.”

All the defendants were acquitted of the gravest charge, rebellion, but the length of the prison terms – which Junqueras said they planned to appeal in a European court – prompted anger in Catalonia.

On Monday, demonstrators blocked roads and regional railways there and thousands descended on Barcelona’s international airport, where some clashed with police.

Those behind the airport protest, the Tsunami Democratic group, called for protesters to keep returning to the street. A spokesman for the airport said it had cancelled 110 flights on Monday and a further 45 on Tuesday.

“Never, never, never have separatists acted violently, never,” added Junqueras, in emailed answers to questions passed on to Reuters by his staff late on Monday.

“What I’m sure of is that this conflict is to be resolved via ballot boxes … we are convinced that sooner or later a referendum is inevitable because otherwise, how can we give a voice to the citizens?”.

Catalan regional leader Quim Torra said on Tuesday his government would continue to defend the right to self determination, and that another referendum was “(the) most positive solution for trying to solve this.”

Two years after the debacle of the first plebiscite, Catalonia’s independence drive still dominates much of Spain’s fractured political debate.

The country’s main national parties are divided on whether to grant the region additional autonomy on top of the administrative and budgetary controls it already holds – but all except the far-left Podemos oppose holding a referendum on independence.

Besides, sharp divisions within Catalonia itself over the issue of independence have contributed to taking the steam out of the independence movement in recent months, with protests drawing smaller crowds.

Asked what message he had for the independence movement after the sentencing, Junqueras said: “That prison and exile have made us stronger and makes us ever more convinced, if that is possible, in our profoundly democratic beliefs.”

He and the others planned to appeal the sentences at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, he said.

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