When Britain’s Queen Elizabeth addresses her nation on Christmas Day it will mark the end of one of the most difficult years of her long reign.
Over the past 12 months, her husband got a police warning for his involvement in a car crash, her grandsons Princes William and Harry publicly fell out and her second son Prince Andrew got ever more entangled in the furore over his links to disgraced U.S. financier Jeffrey Epstein.
“This is as bad as it gets for her,” royal biographer Penny Junor told Reuters.
Back in 1992, the queen described an “annus horribilis”, wrecked by the collapse of three of her children’s marriages – including Prince Charles’ to Princess Diana – and the fire that severely damaged her Windsor Castle home.
“She obviously won’t use that phrase again,” said Junor, “but I would suspect in some ways this (year) has been even worse.”
In January, Elizabeth’s 98-year-old husband Prince Philip was involved in a car accident near the family’s Sandringham estate in eastern England. He had to give up his driving licence after police gave him a warning for driving without wearing a seat belt.
Grandson Prince Harry and his American wife Meghan faced increasingly hostile stories in the press, culminating in them taking legal action against a number of tabloids. Harry also said he and elder brother Prince William had fallen out, without giving details.
The queen herself was embroiled in political wrangling over Britain’s exit from the European Union, with her suspension of parliament in September at the behest of Prime Minister Boris Johnson ruled unlawful by the country’s top court.
But by far the greatest negativity was generated by the furore over Andrew’s links to Epstein, and accusations the prince had had sex with a 17-year-old girl.
An interview Andrew gave to the BBC in November denying that accusation and any other wrongdoing was cast by the British media as a disaster, leading to him stepping down from public duties. Still, the year may not have been a total catastrophe.
“Most people will look upon 2019 as not a particularly good year for the institution but the queen came out pretty well,” said Dickie Arbiter, Elizabeth’s press secretary from 1988 to 2000.
“The monarchy has evolved over 1,000 years. It has had all sorts of circumstances running against it, but it has survived. It survived 1992, it survived the abdication of (King Edward VIII in) 1936, it survived 2019.”
Some have gone as far as saying the family could eventually emerge even stronger – and that this year’s traumas could lay the foundations of a new slimmed-down monarchy, a long-term aim of future king Prince Charles.
The heir was key in the decision to have Andrew “de-royaled” and effectively fired from his job, said royal historian Robert Lacey.
“It’s a tragedy in a way, but it is a plus to see Charles playing a positive role in events,” added Lacey, the historical consultant to the hugely-popular Netflix TV series “The Crown”. “After 20 years, Charles is finally getting his way.”
To mark her 50th year as queen in 2002, more than a dozen members of the royal family appeared on the balcony at Buckingham Palace. A decade later it was just her, her husband, Prince Charles and wife Camilla, together with William, his wife Kate and Harry.
While Andrew dominated newspapers and broadcasts, even overshadowing the recent election, Lacey said September’s Supreme Court ruling was more significant, possibly heralding the end of the monarchy’s few remaining prerogative powers and posing questions about its future constitutional role.
“It could reduce the monarch to an essentially ceremonial and charitable role,” he said.
“The new involvement of the Supreme Court doesn’t question the existence of the monarchy – yet. But if certain decisions and prerogatives are going to be controlled or taken away, then what has the prime minister got to go to speak to the queen about each week?”
So there will be much to discuss around the Christmas table when the royals – or “the firm” as they call themselves – gather at Sandringham estate next week.
One of those whose support they can count on is the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby, spiritual leader of the world’s 80 million Anglicans.
“I think to ask that they be superhuman saints is not what we should do because nobody is like that,” he said in an interview with The Big Issue, a magazine that helps the homeless.
“Everybody makes mistakes, everybody is human. I am not commenting on any member of the royal family except to say that I am astonished at what a gift they are to this country.”
FACTBOX-Car crash, rifts, and scandal: A tough year for the British royals
Below are some of the incidents which have made headlines in 2019:
The year got off to a bad start when Elizabeth’s husband Prince Philip, 98, was involved in a car accident near the family’s Sandringham estate in eastern England in January.
The Duke of Edinburgh escaped uninjured despite his Land Rover overturning. He later wrote to apologise to the woman injured in the accident which he said was partly caused by him being blinded by sunshine.
Two days after the incident he was warned by police after he was pictured driving without wearing a seat belt. The following month he gave up his licence altogether. Critics described his response to the whole incident as arrogant.
PRINCE HARRY AND MEGHAN
The birth of the queen’s eighth great-grandchild Archie to Harry and his American wife Meghan, a former
actress, in May should have been a high point for the royal family but it was overshadowed by an increasingly hostile row between the glamorous, popular couple and the media.
Harry, the sixth-in-line to the throne, and Meghan were criticised for the privacy around the birth and there has been a steady rise in negative stories about them this year. Articles have picked out their use of private jets while promoting environmental causes and the 2.4 million pound ($3.08 million) taxper-funded renovation of their new home.
It culminated in the couple, whose titles are the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, beginning legal action against a number of tabloid newspapers in October over phone-hacking and invasion of privacy.
Harry described the treatment of his wife as “bullying” likening it to the treatment his mother Diana suffered before her death in a Paris car accident in 1997 when her limousine crashed as it sped away from chasing paparazzi.
“I never thought that this would be easy, but I thought it would be fair, and that is the part that is really hard to reconcile,” a tearful Meghan said as she described the difficulty of being a new mother and dealing with the incessant scrutiny that being a royal entails.
PRINCE HARRY AND PRINCE WILLIAM
In March, Harry and Meghan split up the team of staff and aides they had shared with older brother William and his wife Kate. In October Harry confirmed that there had been a rift, without going into details.
“We are certainly on different paths at the moment, but I will always be there for him as I know he will always be there for me,” Harry said. “As brothers you have good days you have bad days.”
William was reported by the BBC to be worried about his younger brother and his wife who were thought to be in a “fragile place”. By the end of the year, Harry and Meghan took a six-week break from official duties.
It has not been plain sailing for the queen herself, as she found herself embarrassingly embroiled in political wrangling over Britain’s exit from the European Union.
Her suspension of parliament in September, at the behest of Prime Minister Boris Johnson, was ruled unlawful by Britain’s Supreme Court, putting her in the middle of a political and constitutional crisis.
While she had no choice but to act as the premier requested, critics said it made the monarchy look weak and outdated. Republicans said it showed the institution was pointless.
By far the greatest negative coverage for the royals was generated by the furore over Prince Andrew’s links to the disgraced U.S. financier Jeffrey Epstein.
The prince, 59, the queen’s second son, has been dogged by questions over his friendship with Epstein since his jailing in 2008 for child sex offences.
In 2015, one of Epstein’s accusers, Virginia Giuffre, said she was forced to have sex with Andrew three times and last month in a bid to draw a line under the scandal, the prince did an interview with the BBC to address the accusations, which he says are totally untrue.
However, the interview was widely viewed as a disaster and days later he stepped down from royal duties saying his “ill-judged” association with Epstein had caused major disruption to the royal family’s work.