Sterling fell on Friday against the dollar and Swiss franc as renewed fears of a global recession knocked the risk sensitive British currency.
After its biggest six-month decline since 2008 against the US dollar, risk sensitive sterling fell 0.5 per cent against the greenback to $1.21140 and 0.3 per cent versus the Swiss franc to 1.1600, in close proximity to a more than two-year low against the Swiss franc touched earlier this week.
Sterling also fell against a weakening euro, down 0.2 per cent against the single currency to 86.29 pence. It recorded its biggest half-year decline against the single currency since the start of the pandemic in 2020.
“The pound is suffering on a fresh risk averse backdrop on day one of the second half of this year, not just against the US dollar but largely across the board,” said Neil Jones, Head of FX Sales Financial Institutions at Mizuho Bank.
“Demand destruction is kicking into the UK economy, expectations for further rate hikes are cooling whilst the Northern Ireland protocol continues to weigh,” he said.
Higher prices forcing people to cut back on purchases, resulted in weaker-than-expected US consumer spending data and stoked fears for a slowdown in the world largest economy.
Legislation allowing Britain to scrap some of the rules on post-Brexit trade with Northern Ireland is next due to be debated in the British parliament on July 13.
The legislation, which would unilaterally replace parts of the bilateral deal – known as the Northern Ireland protocol – would set up further clashes with the European Union and potentially harm sterling, analysts said.
In the meantime, traders have scaled back some of their Bank of England rate hike expectations for the year amid rising fears higher cost of borrowing will hurt further the UK economy.
The central bank began raising borrowing costs in December last year, increasing Bank Rate to 1.25 per cent from a record low of 0.1 per cent in an attempt to tackle inflation, which rose to a 40-year high of 9.1 per cent in May. IRPR
Mizuho and ING analysts said, all things considered, they would not be surprised to see sterling dipping below $1.20. “It should be just a matter of time,” Jones said.