As part of measures aimed at curbing the spread of the coronavirus, the transport ministry has published new guidelines for public and private transport effective from Friday.

It said that public transport – buses, shuttle buses and private buses – can carry up to 50 per cent of capacity, unless given special permission by the ministry to carry more.

Buses that carry pupils to and from school (public and private) must also operate to this capacity.

Buses with a permit for a large family can carry up to 100 per cent of capacity.

Taxis can carry up to 50 per cent of capacity, rounded down to the whole number.

In buses where there is no cubicle for the driver, the seats behind the driver and the first on the left should remain empty.

All measures should be taken to avoid crowding while getting on and off the bus and there should be hand sanitiser at the entrance of each.

Buses must be cleaned and disinfected frequently, and especially before and after the start of service and during the day. This should be done at least every four itineraries and where possible at the end of each route.

At every stop and at the end of each itinerary and every break the doors and windows must remain open.

It is recommended that pupils sit in the same place, wherever possible, every day. It is also recommended that pupils who belong to the same form or are siblings sit next to each other.

Air conditioning with recycled air should not be used on buses and windows should be open.

Masks are mandatory by drivers and passengers on buses, taxis, tourist coaches and airport coaches irrespective of age.

In the case of private transport, members of the same household can travel in the same car without the use of a mask.

If the passengers are from different households, there can be up to three people in the vehicle including the driver and wearing a mask is mandatory.

To travel for work purposes (to building sites etc), up to four people including the driver are allowed in a private vehicle with a capacity of more than five. Wearing a mask is mandatory. If the vehicle has a capacity of five, three people are allowed and wearing a mask is again compulsory.