Consumer inflation (CPI) in Turkey rose 1.68 per cent monthly in April and annual inflation rose to 17.14 per cent, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) announced on Monday.
Annual inflation has now reached the highest level seen since May 2019.
This is the highest four-month inflation data seen since 2006, when this data was updated and recalculated. In the annual producer inflation, these high levels were last seen in November 2018. The declining value of the lira has exacerbated the effect of price increases.
The monthly inflation increase, which was just below 1.8 per cent as expected by economists, was affected by the sharp increase in fresh fruits and vegetables as the depreciation of the Turkish lira mad imports-based products sharply more expensive
The Turkish lira is at this writing at 10 to the euro and 8.31 to the dollar.
The government has been obliged to distribute onions and potatoes free to large segments of the population which can no longer afford food.
Monthly inflation in the food group was 2.13 per cent, and the effect of this on headline inflation was determined as 0.57 points. Annual food inflation is 16.98 per cent, which has an incidence of 4.38 points on annual headline inflation. While the food price increase was 8.57 percent in 4 months, the most striking thing was that the 4-month inflation in fresh fruits and vegetables rose to 11.92 percent. In addition, the 4-month inflation in processed food was calculated as 8.15 percent.
Prices increased for clothing and footwear as well as the new manufactured products had a negative impact on consumer inflation, while the heaviest impact of the depreciation in TRY was seen in producer inflation.
Producer inflation rose 4.34 per cent in April, and annual producer inflation rose to 35.17 per cent. Producer inflation rose to 12.91 per cent in the first four months of 2021.
Although Central Bank Governor Şahap Kavcıoğlu stated that inflation is expected to decrease in May, this high level of producer inflation shows that the effect of exchange rate pass-through will continue to be a determinant in consumer inflation.
With the change of the Central Bank governor in mid-March, there was a sharp drop in the dollar / TL and the depreciation of the TL reached 12 per cent. Analysts emphasise that in addition to exchange rate pass-through, deteriorating pricing behaviour continues to threaten inflation.