The euro was hovering just above parity with the US dollar on Wednesday while traders focused on US data due later in the session that is expected to show inflation at a 40-year high.
European stock markets were in the red and currency markets were calm in early European trading, with the dollar index up by around 0.1 per cent at 108.33.
The euro was down 0.2 per cent on the day at 1.00375 at 0804 GMT.
On Tuesday, it had dropped as low as $1.00005 on the most widely used Electronic Broking Services’ (EBS) dealing platform and touched $1 on Reuters dealing overnight.
Market-watchers were focused on US CPI data due later in the session. Economists forecast headline US inflation accelerated to 8.8 per cent year-on-year in June, a four-decade high.
But “core” CPI, which strips away volatile food and energy prices, is expected to repeat May’s 0.6 per cent monthly increase and cool slightly to 5.7 per cent year-on-year.
Higher-than-forecast inflation would reinforce expectations of Federal Reserve interest rate hikes and push the dollar higher – potentially causing euro-dollar to break parity, analysts said.
But traders will be looking for any signs of inflation having peaked, as this could potentially convince the US central bank not to become more aggressive in its future rate hikes.
The euro is down nearly 12 per cent this year and fell to a 20-year low on Tuesday, as the war in Ukraine has triggered an energy crisis that has hurt the continent’s growth outlook.
Germany has moved to stage two of a three-tier emergency gas plan and warned of a recession if Russian gas flows are halted.
“I see relative recession risks as the primary driver of the drop towards parity – Dutch gas futures are up 100 per cent over the last month, US gas futures are down 35 per cent. This is a clear negative for euro zone growth and is dragging the euro lower,” said Colin Asher senior economist Mizuho.
Derek Halpenny, head of research at MUFG, said in a client note that risk-off market moves due to increased global recession risks have “further to run”.
“We doubt that is the end of the move and see little reason for the US dollar to turn weaker at this juncture,” he said.
The euro was down by around 0.1 per cent versus the British pound, with the euro-sterling pair having fallen 2 per cent so far this month.
“The market’s treating the euro zone as worse off than the UK when it comes to the gas flow,” said Jordan Rochester, FX analyst at Nomura.
The pound was up 0.2 per cent versus the dollar at $1.19055.
Britain’s economy expanded unexpectedly in May, driven by a rise in local doctor appointments and growth in other sectors although consumer-facing services fell slightly as inflation mounted, according to official figures.
The Japanese yen was a touch lower versus the US dollar at 127.075, having taken a beating in recent months due to the Bank of Japan’s ultra-easy monetary policy making it an outlier among major global central banks.
The Australian dollar – seen as a liquid proxy for risk appetite – was up 0.2 per cent at $0.67700.
The New Zealand dollar was up 0.1 per cent at $0.6134, having taken little support from a 50 bps interest rate hike by the country’s central bank.