Hardline President Ebrahim Raisi planned a television address to the nation on Wednesday amid a tide of anti-government unrest in Iran, with protesters chanting “death to the dictator” after the death of a young woman in police custody.
Despite a growing death toll and a fierce crackdown by security forces using tear gas, clubs, and in some cases, live ammunition, social media videos showed Iranians persisting with protests, often calling for the end of the Islamic clerical establishment’s more than four decades in power.
Still, a collapse of the Islamic Republic seems remote in the near term since its leaders are determined not to show the kind of weakness they believe sealed the fate of the U.S.-backed Shah in 1979, a senior Iranian official told Reuters.
Raisi, who last week said the protests over Mahsa Amini’s death were unacceptable “acts of chaos,” will speak to the nation later in the evening, the semi-official ISNA news agency reported.
Angry demonstrations have spread to over 80 cities nationwide since the Sept. 13 death of 22-year-old Amini, after she was arrested for “unsuitable attire” by the morality police who enforce the Islamic Republic’s strict dress code.
Amini, who was from the northwestern Kurdish city of Saqez, died in hospital after falling into a coma, sparking the first big show of dissent on Iran’s streets since authorities crushed protests against a rise in gasoline prices in 2019.
“We will fight, we will die, we will take Iran back,” chanted protesters in Tehran, a video posted on Twitter showed.
Although Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has yet to comment on the protests, a hardline watchdog body called on the judiciary “to deal decisively with the main perpetrators and those responsible for killing and injuring innocent people and security forces.”
Khamenei appoints six senior clerics of the 12-member body, known as the Guardian Council.
State media said 41 people, including members of the police and a pro-government militia, have died during the protests. Iranian human rights groups have reported a higher toll.
Dozens of Iranian celebrities, soccer players and artists – inside and outside the country – have backed the demonstrations. Iran’s hardline judiciary said it will press charges against them, according to state media.
Iran’s elite Revolutionary Guards said on Wednesday they fired missiles and drones at militant targets in the Kurdish region of neighbouring northern Iraq, where an official said nine people were killed.
Iranian authorities have accused armed Iranian Kurdish dissidents of igniting the unrest, particularly in the northwest which is home to most of Iran’s more than 10 million Kurds.
Washington condemned the attack, calling it “an unjustified violation of Iraqi sovereignty and territorial integrity.”
Videos posted on activist Twitter account 1500tasvir, which has 145,000 followers, showed students at Shiraz Medical School protesting against Amini’s death and demanding the release of students arrested since the eruption of protests.
Early on Wednesday, a video showed protesters in Tehran chanting “Mullahs get lost!” “Death to the dictator!” and “Death to the leader (Khamenei) because of all these years of crime!”
Reuters could not verify the authenticity of videos on social media.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights said on Tuesday that reports indicated “hundreds have also been arrested, including human rights defenders, lawyers, civil society activists and at least 18 journalists.”
Amini’s death has drawn widespread international condemnation. Iran has blamed Kurdish dissidents for the unrest as well as what it called “thugs” linked to “foreign enemies.”
Tehran has accused the United States and some European countries of using the unrest to try to destabilise the Islamic Republic.