A U.S. judge said on Monday JPMorgan Chase & Co JPM.N and Deutsche Bank AG DBKGn.DE must face lawsuits accusing them of enabling Jeffrey Epstein’s sex trafficking.
The decision by U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff in Manhattan could expose the banks to additional financial and reputational damage for keeping Epstein as a client, even after the late financier registered as a sex offender.
In a six-paragraph order, Rakoff said JPMorgan must face a lawsuit by the U.S. Virgin Islands accusing it of missing red flags about Epstein’s abuse of women on Little St. James, a private island he owned there.
The judge also ruled that both banks must face proposed class actions by women who said Epstein sexually abused them. He said he would explain his reasoning in due course.
Rakoff’s decision gives the plaintiffs a chance to prove that JPMorgan and Deutsche Bank knowingly benefited from involvement in Epstein’s sex trafficking.
The women can also try to show that the banks were negligent and obstructed enforcement of a federal anti-trafficking law.
Brad Edwards, a lawyer for the women, said damages in a scheduled October trial covering more than 300 Epstein victims could total billions of dollars.
The JPMorgan cases drew added attention when Jes Staley, formerly JPMorgan’s private banking chief, was accused of swapping sexually suggestive messages about young women with the financier, and committing sexual assault himself.
Both banks have said they had no legal duty to protect women from Epstein and denied accusations they knew about his abuses.
Epstein had been a client of JPMorgan from 2000 to 2013, and Deutsche Bank from 2013 to 2018.
JPMorgan spokeswoman Trish Wexler and Deutsche Bank spokesman Dylan Riddle declined to comment on Rakoff’s ruling.
“It’s a landmark decision,” Edwards said an interview.
“To my knowledge, it’s the first time a class of victims can pursue sex trafficking cases against two major financial institutions,” he added. “Complicity of the banks was a necessary ingredient of Epstein’s abuses, and this provides a final layer of accountability.”
Carol Thomas-Jacobs, the U.S. Virgin Islands acting attorney general, in a statement said her office’s case would help ensure that banks act as “a first line of defense in identifying and reporting potential human trafficking, as the law expects.”
The territory previously recovered more than $105 million from Epstein’s estate in a settlement in November, while about 138 Epstein accusers were in 2021 awarded more than $121 million from a compensation fund, also funded by the estate.
Epstein killed himself at age 66 in a Manhattan jail cell in August 2019 while awaiting trial on sex trafficking.
He had pleaded guilty to a Florida state prostitution charge in 2008, and later registered as a sex offender.
The lawsuits accused JPMorgan and Deutsche Bank of turning a blind eye to Epstein’s abuses because he was an important client, and letting him make numerous wire transfers to pay victims.
In its complaint, the U.S. Virgin Islands also suggested that JPMorgan Chief Executive Jamie Dimon was aware of Epstein’s crimes and the bank’s role in advancing them.
The plaintiff in one of the JPMorgan cases, known as Jane Doe 1, said she was a ballet dancer whom Epstein trafficked from 2006 to 2013.
In the Deutsche Bank case, the plaintiff, also known as Jane Doe 1, said Epstein sexually abused her from 2003 to 2018.
JPMorgan is separately suing Staley for concealing what he knew about Epstein, and wants him to return eight years of pay and cover losses in the other lawsuits.
Staley has admitted having been friendly with Epstein but expressed regret for the relationship and denied knowing about Epstein’s alleged crimes.
He became Barclays Plc’s BARC.L chief executive after leaving JPMorgan, but resigned in November 2021 amid regulatory concerns about his relationship with Epstein.
Brendan Sullivan, a lawyer for Staley, did not immediately respond to requests for comment .
JPMorgan lawyers are expected to question Staley under oath on Thursday and Friday, and Edwards said he has asked Dimon to submit to questioning.
The cases in the U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York are: Jane Doe 1 v Deutsche Bank AG et al, No. 22-10018; Jane Doe 1 v JPMorgan Chase & Co, No. 22-10019; Government of the U.S. Virgin Islands v JPMorgan Chase Bank NA, No. 22-10904; and JPMorgan Chase Bank NA v Staley, in Nos. 22-10019 and 22-10904.