Cyprus Mail
Environment World

Birth control for Colombia’s hippos: contraceptive darts

captured hippopotamuses in a specially designed pen are seen before the application of gonacon, in puerto triunfo
Captured hippopotamuses in a specially designed pen are seen before the application of GonaCon, an immunocastration drug to control the growth of the hippo population, in Puerto Triunfo, Colombia

By Herbert Villarraga
Colombia’s hippos, an oversized legacy of deceased drug lord Pablo Escobar, are being darted with adapted contraceptives normally used for controlling deer populations to stop over-breeding.
Around 90 hippopotamus, descendents of those Escobar imported more than 30 years ago for his private zoo, are thought to roam Colombia, said David Echeverri, coordinator for forests and biodiversity at regional environmental authority Cornare, in an interview.
Hippo waste threatens water environments, and the beasts may attack people and destroy crops, according to a study published in the journal Biological Conservation. Neutering the animals, native to Africa, through surgical sterilisation is risky and costly.
The US Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) donated 70 doses of the adapted GonaCon contraceptive to dart the invasive animals.
The darting campaign will hopefully help “stop (population growth) now, before it gets to the thousands, before people get killed and more of the environment gets negatively affected,” said Jason Bruemmer, project leader for fertility control at APHIS.

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