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UK borrowing to fall, opening way for end of austerity – Hammond

Britain's Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond, Chief Secretary to the Treasury Elizabeth Truss and other members of the treasury team stand outside 11 Downing Street before the Chancellor delivers his budget statement in the House of Commons in London

British finance minister Philip Hammond announced a fall in the country’s expected borrowing needs between now and the mid-2020s as he began his final budget speech before Britain leaves the European Union.

After a steady improvement in Britain’s once giant budget deficit, Prime Minister Theresa May said earlier this month that the government’s austerity push was coming to an end, a message echoed by Hammond on Monday.

But he has warned he would have to reverse the plan for higher spending in the event of an economically damaging no-deal Brexit in March, putting pressure on rebel lawmakers from May’s Conservative Party to stop blocking her Brexit strategy.

Speaking in parliament on Monday, Hammond said the budget deficit was set to stand at 1.2 per cent of gross domestic product in the current financial year, down from a forecast in March of 1.8 per cent.

“When our EU negotiations deliver a deal, as I am confident they will, I expect that the ‘Deal Dividend’ will allow us to provide further funding,” he said. “The hard work of the British people is paying off. Austerity is coming to an end.”

In total, borrowing was forecast to be 18.5 billion pounds lower between now and the 2022/23 financial year than in the March forecasts by the independent Office for Budget Responsibility which underpin the budget..

Hammond and his predecessor George Osborne have made fixing the public finances their priority.

The budget deficit has fallen from almost 10 percent of GDP in 2010, thanks in large part to big cuts to spending for a range of government departments and a squeeze on welfare payments for working-age recipients.

But Hammond is likely to struggle to meet his target of wiping out the deficit altogether by the mid-2020s if he does not raise taxes, economists have said.

By the 2023/24 financial year, the deficit was expected to be 0.8 per cent of GDP, Hammond said.

He has also set himself a target of bringing down public debt, which has doubled as a share of GDP from before the financial crisis as the government borrowed heavily.

Hammond said the OBR’s forecasts showed debt as a ratio of GDP was due to fall each year.

The OBR raised its forecasts for economic growth for next year to 1.6 per cent, compared with its prediction of 1.3 per cent made in March. The 2020 growth forecast was raised less sharply to 1.4 per cent and maintained at 1.4 per cent for 2021.

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