By Elizabeth Piper, William James and Andrew MacAskill
Prime Minister Theresa May’s foreign minister and Brexit negotiator quit on Monday in protest at her plans to keep close trade ties with the European Union after Britain leaves the bloc, stirring rebellion in her party’s ranks.
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, the face of Brexit for many, resigned just hours after Brexit minister David Davis, emboldening some in her Conservative Party to mull a plot to unseat her less than nine months before Britain exits in March next year.
May later appointed Jeremy Hunt as foreign minister.
The two departures seemed to shatter May’s own proclamation of cabinet unity last Friday, when she said she believed she had, after two years of wrangling, secured agreement on Britain’s biggest foreign and trading policy shift in almost half a century.
But as Monday drew to a close, May was cheered and applauded by many Conservative lawmakers at a private meeting, having earlier spent more than two hours in parliament answering sometimes hostile questions.
Both eurosceptics and loyalists said she had stood her ground and appeared to have kept her job, at least for now.
The resignations did little to show the unity she wanted to present in Brussels in the next stage of negotiations on Britain’s future ties with the bloc – and the biggest shift in the country’s foreign and trade policy for decades.
Instead, they have fostered a deep distrust among many eurosceptics in her party, undermining her position and casting doubt over the Brexit process.
“Brexit should be about opportunity and hope,” Johnson said in a resignation letter. “That dream is dying, suffocated by needless self-doubt.”
He complained about how “crucial decisions” had been postponed, leading to what he described as a “semi-Brexit” with Britain unable to diverge, or move away, from rules and regulations set in Brussels. “In that respect we are truly headed for the status of colony.”
By late afternoon, the pound was down against the dollar and the euro after the resignation of Johnson, figurehead of the 2016 referendum campaign to quit the EU.
Davis had earlier called May’s plan dangerous and said it would give “too much away, too easily” to EU negotiators. May replaced him with another Brexit campaigner, junior minister Dominic Raab, who said he was ready for “the challenges of Brexit”.
It was a rocky day for May, weakened after she lost the Conservatives’ majority in parliament in an ill-judged election last year.
But at an end-of-day meeting of her Conservative Party in parliament, May was cheered several times and business minister Greg Clark, who supports her pitch for a business-friendly Brexit, said it had gone “very well”.
During a session in parliament, May signalled that, after finally nailing her colours to a vision for Brexit, she had decided to face down the dissenters, who do not form a majority in parliament.
She defended her Brexit plan, even gently poking fun at the rows her party has had over the referendum vote and the wider European issue that also helped to bring down previous prime ministers such as Margaret Thatcher, John Major and May’s predecessor, David Cameron.
“In the two years since the referendum, we have had a spirited national debate, with robust views echoing around the cabinet table as they have on breakfast tables up and down the country,” she said.
“Over that time, I’ve listened to every possible idea and every possible version of Brexit. Mr Speaker, this is the right Brexit,” she said, to jeers from the opposition Labour Party.
May’s spokesman said she would fight any attempt to unseat her.
May also called on the EU to engage with her Brexit proposal or risk Britain crashing out of the bloc without a deal.
“What we are proposing is challenging for the EU, it requires them to think again, to look beyond the positions they have taken so far and agree a new and fair balance of rights and obligations,” she told parliament.
But with just over three months before the EU says it wants a deal, European Council President Donald Tusk raised the idea that Brexit might be called off.
“Politicians come and go but the problems they have created for people remain,” he tweeted. “I can only regret that the idea of Brexit has not left with Davis and Johnson. But … who knows?”
May had been reluctant to spell out her strategy until now precisely for fear of igniting such furious rows.
Many eurosceptics accused her of siding with the “Remainers” in her cabinet – those who voted in 2016 to stay in the EU and have demanded a Brexit that would preserve the complicated supply chains used by many of Britain’s biggest companies.
They fear a clean break would cost jobs.
But the ardent Brexit supporters say the deal May is now proposing to negotiate could leave Britain still accepting EU rules and regulations, but without being able to influence them.
May insisted that her proposals would honour the will of the British people, as expressed in the In/Out referendum, by ending free movement of people, the jurisdiction of the European Court and “vast” payments to the bloc.
“This is not a betrayal … I believe that is what people voted for when they voted to leave and we will deliver in faith with the British people,” she said.
She said she would now focus on moving the exit negotiations on – a step EU officials and businesses have long called for. And she reiterated her position that there would not be a referendum on the final deal to leave the EU, or any attempt to put back the exit date of March 29, 2019.
But it is still not clear whether the EU will accept her negotiating bid on a free trade area for goods.
Brussels is determined not to allow Britain to “cherry-pick” elements of EU membership, which might encourage other countries to follow it out of the door.
(Additional reporting by Michael Holden, Alistair Smout and Kate Holton; Editing by Kevin Liffey and David Stamp)