Men in Cyprus earn 16.4 per cent more than women, ranking Cyprus among 10 EU member states with the largest gap in salaries between the two sexes.
Labour Minister Zeta Emilianidou said the gap was created by stereotypes and the mentality, the separation of professions into male and female, and oftentimes education.
The minister said it would take a joint effort to resolve the problems.
“It is not easy. Many changes have taken place but we still have way to go,” she said.
The head of the labour relations department said the economic downturn contributed significantly in maintaining discrimination among men and women.
Despite their excellent performance in almost all sectors, a large percentage of women continue to be employed on a temporary or part-time basis in low-skill jobs considered female and pay less, Andreas Mylonas said.
“The legal framework has undoubtedly alleviated the phenomenon to a certain degree, but the persistence of the inequality in pay suggests that the deeper causes of the chasm have not yet been tackled,” Mylonas said.
That made the introduction of more policies and mechanisms imperative, he said.
A survey conducted by the University of Nicosia found that women were concentrated in traditionally low-pay professions in sectors like tourism, nursing, and education.
There were more men in business administration, engineering, and technology. Only 8.4 per cent of management positions in Cyprus were held by women.