The population in the north has reached 351,000, according to Turkish Cypriot media reports on Monday but they gave no indication of how many were mainland Turks.
Turkish Cypriot daily Yeni Duzen reported that Odul Muhtaroglu, ‘permanent secretary of the state planning organisation’ said that for the end of 2017 “we predict a population of approximately 351,000”. They had determined a “de jure population” of approximately 341,000 at the end of 2016 and that numbers being bandied about of 500,000 had no basis in fact. There was no indication how many were Turkish Cypriots.
The last census done in the north under the auspices of the UN in 2011 found the population to be 294,906 though the results were disputed by some political parties, unions and media which accused the ‘government’ of deliberately undercounting the population.
The north’s first ‘official’ census was carried out in 1996 recording a population of 200,587. The second in 2006 put the population at 265,100, with 178,000 Turkish Cypriot ‘citizens’ of which 80 per cent were indigenous. The figure for non-citizens, including students, guest workers and temporary residents stood at 78,000.
The 1983 population of the north, the year the ‘TRNC’ was declared a ‘state’ was said to be 155,521.
Estimates by the Cyprus government from 2001 put the population at 200,000, of which 80,000–89,000 were Turkish Cypriot and 109,000–117,000 Turkish settlers. A census in 1960 under the Cyprus Republic put the number of Turkish Cypriots as 102,000 and Greek Cypriots as 450,000.
Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akıncı and President Nicos Anastasiades had reached an agreement at the end of 2015 that distribution of population numbers following a solution would be 220,000 under Turkish Cypriots administration and 800,0000 under Greek Cypriot administration.
Also on Monday, demographic figures released in the government-controlled areas showed the population to be at 854,800 at the end of 2016 compared with 848,300 the previous year, an increase of 0.8 per cent.
The total fertility rate in Cyprus was at 1.37 children per woman in 2016, remaining below the replacement level of 2.10, since 1995. In 2016 births totalled 9,455 compared with 9.170 in 2015.
The number of deaths reached 5,471 in 2016 and the crude death rate was 6.4 deaths per thousand population. The expectation of life at birth is estimated at 80.3 years for men and 84.7 for women.
Marriages increased last year to 13,558 from 13,006 in 2015. The marriages of residents of Cyprus totalled 6,375 in 2016, of which 3,926 were ecclesiastical and 2,449 civil, against a total of 6,092 in 2015.
Divorces also increased in 2016, reaching 1,948 from 1,807 in 2015.
In 2016 net migration reached 2,499.