This September’s inaugural Grand Basel show for automotive masterpieces will play host to a fascinating motor car design debut, as the 1953 ‘Linea Diamante’ car by legendary architect and industrial designer Gio Ponti is finally brought to life, 65 years after it was penned.
Gio Ponti (1891-1979) created numerous icons, such as the 32-storey Pirelli Tower in Milan – regarded by many as one of the most elegant skyscrapers in the world – and the famous ‘Superleggera’ chair, which embodied lightness in both aesthetic and physical terms. In 1928, he co-founded the influential architecture and design magazine, Domus, which celebrates its 90th anniversary in 2018 and supports Grand Basel as a cultural partner.
The revolutionary ‘Diamond Line’ car
In 1953, Ponti – aided by his colleague Alberto Rosselli – conceived a car that was developed to design principles not yet applied in the automotive industry. Their starting point was an aerodynamic teardrop shape, but this soon developed into the more angular ‘Linea Diamante’ (Diamond Line).
Ponti saw his new design as a necessary reaction to the staid automobile styling of the time, which was characterised by large, swollen shapes with small windows and dark interiors. By comparison, his vision was a more architectural car with flat-form body panels and windows, and a substantial glass area that would flood the cabin with light.
The clever packaging would enhance the utilitarian aspect of the car, enabling a generously-proportioned cabin and a spacious boot. Furthermore, the neat innovation of a rubber bumper running the full circumference of the car – with spring-mounted ‘buffers’ at the front and rear – was to be a special collaboration with the Pirelli tyre company.
Originally conceived to be bodied on the chassis of an Alfa Romeo 1900 saloon car, Ponti first sought a partnership with Milan based Carrozzeria Touring and then turned to Fiat for production of a subcompact model, but the design was rebuffed. Two decades later, many cars would have caught up with the principles embodied in Ponti’s automobile, highlighting his genius and foresight. Until now, Ponti’s car was never progressed beyond 1:10 scale models.
This fascinating car has been brought to life in 2018, 65 years after Gio Ponti first envisaged its shape, thanks to efforts of the ‘The Automobile by Ponti’ project.
As a fitting tribute to the remarkable design talent of Gio Ponti, the ‘Linea Diamante’ car revealed at Grand Basel will be a full-size mock-up, modelled by a design team directed by Roberto Giolito, Head of FCA Heritage, upon specifications outlined on Ponti’s original drawings. In a nod to its original collaboration with Ponti in 1953, Pirelli supplied period tyres of the correct specification for an Alfa Romeo 1900.
“Grand Basel is not just another car show – it is a unique opportunity to start a discourse about everything artistic and inspirational that goes together with cars,” says Professor Paolo Tumminelli, chairman of Grand Basel’s Advisory Board.
“Throughout history, the automobile has influenced – and has been influenced by – design, architecture and the arts and ‘The Automobile by Ponti’ is an archetype of this interconnected relationship,” says Tumminelli, who initiated the project in 2017.
“We are incredibly excited to show Ponti’s ‘Linea Diamante’ car as a full-size model for the first time at Grand Basel. This is exactly the type of exhibit that we have promised to offer our visitors – something unexpected, which they have never seen before,” said Mark Backé, Global Director of Grand Basel.
Salvatore Licitra, representative of the Gio Ponti Archives and grandson of Gio Ponti, adds: “To see this design come to life for the first time, 65 years after the original drawings were created, will be truly remarkable. The car was thought to be too radical at the time, but many of its features would prove fundamental in the two decades of car design that followed.”
“When we were approached with an idea of constructing Gio Ponti’s visionary car, we enthusiastically endorsed the project. The collaboration links perfectly to Domus, now 90 years young and founded by Gio Ponti in 1928,” says Maria Giovanna Mazzocchi, president of Editoriale Domus. “We rose to this tough challenge with enthusiasm, and we take pride and satisfaction in the results.”
Grand Basel’s independent advisory board comprises leading cultural and design authorities, architectural experts and artists.
Exceptional automobiles will be presented at the inaugural Grand Basel show, which will take place from September 6 to 9 in Basel, Switzerland, prior to upcoming shows in Miami Beach, in February 2019, and Hong Kong in May 2019.