Turkey threatened on Tuesday to cut diplomatic ties with Israel if US President Donald Trump recognises Jerusalem as the Israeli capital, joining a mounting chorus of voices saying the move would unleash turmoil.
Senior US officials told Reuters some officers in the State Department were also deeply concerned and the Palestinian Authority, Saudi Arabia and the Arab League all warned any such announcement would have repercussions across the region.
A senior US official told Reuters last week that Trump was likely to make the announcement on Wednesday, though his adviser and son-in-law Jared Kushner said on Sunday no final decision had been made.
Such a decision would break with decades of US policy that Jerusalem’s status must be decided in negotiations.
Israel captured Arab East Jerusalem in the 1967 Middle East war. It later annexed it, declaring the whole of the city as its capital. The declaration is not recognised internationally and Palestinians want Jerusalem as the capital of their future state.
“Mr. Trump, Jerusalem is the red line of Muslims,” Turkey‘s President Tayyip Erdogan told a parliamentary meeting of his ruling AK Party.
“This can go as far as severing Turkey‘s ties with Israel. I am warning the United States not to take such a step which will deepen the problems in the region.”
Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has so far declined to speculate on what Trump might say.
But Israel Katz, Israel’s minister of intelligence and transport, took to Twitter to reject Turkey‘s threat and reiterate Israel’s position on the ancient city, which is one of a long list of stumbling blocks in years of failed peace talks with the Palestinians.
“We don’t take orders or accept threats from the president of Turkey,” he wrote
“There would be no more righteous or proper an historical move now than recognising Jerusalem, the Jewish people’s capital for the past 3000 years, as the capital of the State of Israel.”
Two US officials said on condition of anonymity that news of the plan to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital had kicked up resistance from the State Department’s Near Eastern Affairs bureau (NEA), which deals with the region.
“Senior (officials) in NEA and a number of ambassadors from the region expressed their deep concern about doing this,” said one official, saying that the concerns focused on “security”.
A fourth US official said the consensus US intelligence estimate on US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital was that it would risk triggering a backlash against Israel, and also potentially against US interests in the Middle East.
Nabil Shaath, adviser to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, told journalists gathered outside Jerusalem any announcement along those lines would wreck peace efforts.
“If Mr. Trump really tomorrow or the day after tomorrow comes up and says that ‘I recognise united Jerusalem to be the capital of the state of Israel’ he has destroyed every chance that he will play to get the deal of the century that he has been talking about”
US allies added their warnings.
“The recognition will have very serious implications and will be provocative to all Muslims’ feelings,” Saudi Arabia’s state SPA news agency said, quoting an unnamed official source at the Saudi Foreign Ministry, echoing earlier warnings.
French President Emmanuel Macron “expressed his concern over the possibility that the United States would unilaterally recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel” during a phone call with Trump on Monday.
The diplomats and government leaders did not spell out what the consequences might be of any announcement. In the past, diplomatic and political moves seen by Palestinians as hostile to their interests have led to violence.
A fifth US official said concerns of Palestinian and other Arab leaders about endorsing Israel’s claim to Jerusalem were being taken into account but no final decisions had been made.
Daniel Benjamin, a former US counter terrorism official now at Dartmouth University, had a simple message: “This is playing with fire.”